Glaucoma is the name for various eye related disorders, in which the nerve of sight is damaged by the pressure inside the eyeball. In the most common form of glaucoma, there are no signs until extremely late in the disease. The peripheral vision is gradually lost, however this is often not observed in everyday living until the disease is advanced and finally affects the central vision. Therefore, glaucoma is also known as the ?thief of sight.? Other forms of glaucoma can result inacute eye pain as well as rapid visual loss.
Risk factors for glaucoma consist ofgrowing age and family history. Ideally, all people who have crossed 40years of age, with a family history should have an eye check by an ophthalmologist.
The treatment for glaucoma is essentially to lower the pressure in the eye, which can be achieved by threediverseways: